Shalom J. Wind

Special Research Scientist (Emeritus) and Adjunct Professor
530 W 120th Street (CEPSR), Room 1007 New York, NY 10027-6624

Research Specialty

The central theme of my research can be characterized in terms of:biomolecular-scale engineering, i.e., developing new strategies for the creation of ordered, integrated nanosystems with single molecule/nanostructure control.  Of particular interest are systems at the interface between the physical and life sciences, where the precision engineering of semiconductor technologies is combined with the exquisite chemical recognition of biomolecular interactions to create new nanoscale architectures designed to probe and control biomolecular and cellular systems, on the one hand, and for exploiting the properties of biomolecular systems (e.g., biorecognition, self-assembly, etc.) to create advanced nanoelectronic and quantum systems, on the other.  The ultimate goal is to engineer new, increasingly complex nanoarchitectures where novel phenomena and new capabilities can emerge from the combination of functional nanostructures with biomaterials and the precise organization of individual molecules/nanostructures into integrated nanosystems.

The work focuses on: Biomolecular-scale nanofabrication; cellular mechanosensing; single-molecule and DNA-based nanoelectronics; carbon nanotube assembly and device integration

Biographical Sketch

Shalom J. Wind received his B.A. degree in Physics from Yeshiva University and his M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees in Physics from Yale University.  He joined IBM’s Thomas J. Watson Research Center in 1987, following his doctoral studies.  As a member of the Silicon Technology Department, his work there focused primarily on the fabrication and study of electronic nanostructures and nanodevices and the scaling of silicon transistors to increasingly smaller dimensions.  In 2003, Wind joined the faculty of Columbia University in the Department of Applied Physics, where his research has focused on the development of new techniques for the creation of functional structures at the scale of individual molecules and applications thereof in the physical and life sciences.  Activities in his lab include electron transport through single molecules, directed biomolecular assembly of functional nanostructures and engineering functional biomimetic systems for the fundamental study of cell behavior.   

H. Cai, J. Muller, D. Depoil, V. Mayya, M. P. Sheetz, M. L. Dustin and S. J. Wind, Full control of ligand positioning during T cell receptor triggering reveals roles of lateral and axial spacing, Nature Nanotechnology 13, 610 (2018).

S. Vecchioni, M. C. Capece, E. Toomey, L. Rothschild and S. J.Wind, Methods of Synthesis and Characterization of Conductive DNA Nanowires Based on Metal Ion-Mediated Base Pairing for Single-Molecule Electronics, Journal of Self-Assembly and Molecular Electronics 6, 61 (2018).

M. J. P. Biggs, R. Cooper, D. Thomas, M. Fernandez, M. Palma, J. Liao, T. Fazio, C. Dahlberg, H. Wheadon, A. Pallipurath, A. Pandit, J. Kysar and S. J. Wind, The Functional Response of Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Electron-Beam Patterned Elastomeric Surfaces Presenting Micrometer to Nanoscale Heterogeneous Rigidity, Advanced Materials, 29, 1702119 (2017).

D. Scarabelli, M. Trusheim, O. Gaathon, D. Englund and S. J. Wind, Nanoscale Engineering of Closely-Spaced Electronic Spins in Diamond, Nano Letters 16(8), 4982-4990 (2016).

E. Penzo, M. Palma, R. Wang, H. Cai, M. Zheng and S. J. Wind, Directed Assembly of End-Functionalized Single Wall Carbon Nanotube Segments, Nano Letters 15(10), 6547-6552 (2015).

M. Schvartzman, M. Palma, J. Sable, J. Abramson, X. Hu, M. P. Sheetz and S. J. Wind, Nanolithographic Control of the Spatial Organization of Cellular Adhesion Receptors at the Single-Molecule Level, Nano Letters 11(3), 1306-1312 (2011).

M. Schvartzman and S. J. Wind, Robust Pattern Transfer of Nanoimprinted Features for Sub-5-nm Fabrication, Nano Letters 9(10), 3629-3634 (2009).

S. J. Wind, J. Appenzeller and P. Avouris, Lateral scaling in carbon-nanotube field-effect transistors, Physical Review Letters 91(5), 058301 (2003).

S. J. Wind, J. Appenzeller, R. Martel, V. Derycke and P. Avouris, Vertical scaling of carbon nanotube field-effect transistors using top gate electrodes, Applied Physics Letters 80(20), 3817-3819 (2002).

S. J. Wind, L. Shi, K. L. Lee, R. A. Roy, Y. Zhang, E. Sikorski, P. Kozlowski, C. D'Emic, J. J. Bucchignano, H. J. Wann, R. G. Viswanathan, J. Cai and Y. Taur, Very high performance 50 nm CMOS at low temperature, IEDM Technical Digest. International, 928-930 (1999).

S. J. Wind, P. D. Gerber and H. Rothuizen, Accuracy and efficiency in electron beam proximity effect correction, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B 16(6), 3262-3268 (1998).

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